In Hong Kong, one of the major sources of legislation relating to illegal drugs is the Dangerous Drugs Ordinance, Cap. 134 (“Ordinance”). According to the Ordinance, a person who is found to be in possession of some or found to be manufacturing or trafficking illegal drugs is subject to penalties.
The penalty for possessing or taking (including smoking, inhaling, ingesting or injecting) illegal drugs is a fine of up to HK$1 million and up to seven years imprisonment.
If a person is in possession of a large quantity of drugs or distributes drugs to others, he / she can be charged with drug trafficking, even if the person distributes the drugs for free. Since this is seen as a very serious offence, the penalty is more severe: a fine of up to HK$5 million and life imprisonment.
The Ordinance also sees the manufacturing of dangerous drugs without a license as a severe offence. The penalty can be as high as HK$5 million fine and life imprisonment.
People found to be in possession of pipes, equipment or apparatus that are fit and intended for smoking, inhalation, ingestion or injection of a dangerous drug can be fined up to HK$10,000 and face a prison sentence of up to three years.
When offenders are found guilty of these offences, he / she will have a criminal record, which may affect their chances of getting into schools, advancing their career, going travelling or applying for migration.